METHOD USED FOR CALIBRATING PHOTOMULTIPLERS

We calculated the Photomultipler Gain  HV at the high voltage HV applied by measuring the response at different led amplitudes.

The steps described below are automatized by our data acquisition setup and data analysis

Runs at different HVs

For each HV, the fit of the variance vs pulse height peak (The so called "Response line") gives us two parameters:

For each HV, the slope S is proportional to the Gain   HV:

The factor depends on delta, where delta comes from fit of pm single photoelectron distribution. BUT:

In absence of a correct method for fine mesh single photoelectron spectra interpretation, we have decided to normalize our GainHV=2000 to the nominal gain given by Hamamatsu factory.

(If you want to know how data were analysed, please read      PM data analysis )